International Journal of Wildland Fire – Volume 27 Number 3, 2018
Welcome to the latest contents for the International Journal of Wildland Fire. IJWF content is free to IAWF Members. All journal content can be accessed by IAWF members through the IAWF Members-Only site.
Fuel and topographic influences on wildland firefighter burnover fatalities in Southern California. Wesley G. Page and Bret W. Butler
Locations of past fatal firefighter burnovers coupled with a machine-learning algorithm were used to identify and characterise the environmental variables that contribute to the likelihood of a fatal burnover in Southern California. Steep, south-west-oriented slopes located in canyons that have a shrub fuel type were found to be the most dangerous locations for firefighters. Open Access Article.
What are the drivers of dangerous fires in Mediterranean France? S. Lahaye, T. Curt, T. Fréjaville, J. Sharples, L. Paradis and C. Hély.
Some large wildfires are very dangerous for firefighters. These fires grow rapidly and behave erratically, sometimes entrapping the responders. We analyse reports of past fires and determine the weather conditions that are conducive to those dangerous fires in the French Mediterranean Basin.
Model-specification uncertainty in future area burned by wildfires in Canada. Yan Boulanger, Marc-André Parisien and Xianli Wang.
We projected changes in future burning rates in Canada using several statistical models. The consensus showed a strong increase in burning rates, but large variations among single models, variations that were significantly higher than the one related to climate scenarios.
An analysis of Southeastern US prescribed burn weather windows: seasonal variability and El Niño associations. M. Chiodi, N. S. Larkin and J. Morgan Varner.
By area, 70% of US prescribed burns take place in the Southeast, where treatment objectives are wide ranging and accomplishing them depends on finding specific weather conditions for the effective application of fire. Our findings offer a tool for understanding and predicting the climatological and interannual variability of this weather window.
An analysis of the effect of aspect and vegetation type on fine fuel moisture content in eucalypt forest. Alen Slijepcevic, Wendy R. Anderson, Stuart Matthews and David H. Anderson.
The effect of aspect and vegetation structure on the fine fuel moisture content of different fuel strata was investigated. The effect of the percentage of fuel available for burning and when top litter moisture content fell into categories associated with severe fire behaviour and fire management planning was further discussed.
Post-fire water-quality response in the western United States. Ashley J. Rust, Terri S. Hogue, Samuel Saxe and John McCray.
This study evaluated water-quality data from 159 fires in 153 burned watersheds to determine if there is a common water-quality response after forest fire. Findings from this study show a significant increase in nutrient concentrations and flux (different forms of nitrogen and phosphorus), major-ion flux and elevated suspended metal concentrations are the most common responses after fire. Concentrations of dissolved matter tended to decrease after fire, partly due to increased volume of discharge after fires, whereas particulate matter increased in concentration, likely due to recurrent increased erosion. Elevated loading rates of these constituents persist for up to 5 years or more after fire.
The most downloaded papers in the last 60 days (March-April 2018), see http://www.publish.csiro.au/wf#MostRead.
Sleep in wildland firefighters: what do we know and why does it matter? IJWF 27 (2). Grace E. Vincent, Brad Aisbett, Alexander Wolkow, Sarah M. Jay, Nicola D. Ridgers, Sally A. Ferguson.
Fuel and topographic influences on wildland firefighter burnover fatalities in Southern California. IJWF 27 (3). Wesley G. Page, Bret W. Butler.
Mapping Canadian wildland fire interface areas. IJWF 27 (1). Lynn M. Johnston, Mike D. Flannigan.
How do weather and terrain contribute to firefighter entrapments in Australia IJWF 27 (2). Sebastien Lahaye, Jason Sharples, Stuart Matthews, Simon Heemstra, Owen Price, Rachel Badlan.
You own the fuel, but who owns the fire? IJWF 26 (12). Michael Eburn, Geoffrey J. Cary.
A comparison of the US National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS) with recorded fire occurrence and final fire size. IJWF 27 (2). Nicholas G. Walding, Hywel T. P. Williams, Scott McGarvie, Claire M. Belcher.
Human-caused fire occurrence modelling in perspective: a review. IJWF 26 (12). Sergi Costafreda-Aumedes, Carles Comas, Cristina Vega-Garcia.
Post-fire surface fuel dynamics in California forests across three burn severity classes. IJWF 27 (2). Bianca N. I. Eskelson, Vicente J. Monleon
Simulating the effectiveness of prescribed burning at altering wildfire behaviour in Tasmania, Australia. IJWF 27 (1). James M. Furlaud, Grant J. Williamson, David M. J. S. Bowman.
Downward spread of smouldering peat fire: the role of moisture, density and oxygen supply. IJWF 26 (11). Xinyan Huang, Guillermo Rein.